Passage  English language

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Passage  English language

Passage

Write a precis of the following passage in about one-third to its length and give a suitable title also:

There are two considerations which deserve at least a word in any discussion of the future of the Indian theatre.

The first is the rapid development of the cinema as a competition for popular favour. At first in the early flush of cinematic triumph, people-some of whom might have been expected to know better-prophesied the extinction of the theatre. It is now clear that through here and there, temporarily, the theatre may be affected, the cinema can never hope to replace the stage and elbow it out of existence. Experience in the West has shown that the stage will always be required as a feeder to the studio. For the technique is different and great stage actors have always to their disgust discovered that film-acting is at least only a second best to them: it cannot mean to them what the stage means. Something is lacking, the human touch. In the theatre, the heart responds to heart and mental acts on the mind in a way unknown to the cinema.

Thus the theatre is in no danger of extinction. On the other hand, the rivalry of the screen ought to and will put the theatre to a new test and give it a new stimulus that may well lead to still higher planes of artistic achievements.

Finally, a word about what a national language, spoken, written and thought might do for the theatre in India. With new awakening in social life, the need of a common tongue is being increasingly felt. Much work is being done to hammer out a common linguistic medium. The day when it is accepted will be a great day for the Indian theatre, as it will be for all art in the country. But the theatre, because its lifeblood is the spoken word, will gain most. With a common tongue, with a live national consciousness, the theatre will come into its own as a definite instrument of national unity, reflecting the national mind, interpreting the national heart and dreaming national dreams for the future.

Heading: “The Future of the Indian Theatre”

Precis: Two issues arise out of a discussion of the future of the Indian theatre. The first is the keen competition of the cinema which, however, can never completely oust the theatre. Besides, the non-human technique to the cinema has never appealed to the distinguished film stars. The rivalry of the cinema, however, might further stimulate the theatre to achieve higher artistic glories. Lastly, the idea of a common national language for India, whenever, realised, (fortunately much has already been done in this direction) might further enable the theatre to champion the cause of national unity and bring about greater national consciousness.

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