NCERT SOLUTIONS NCERT Chapter 5 Working of Institutions Civics Class 9

Class 9 Chapter 5: Working of Institutions

Very Short Answer Type Questions. [1 Mark]

1. What do you understand by the term ‘Reservations’?

Ans. It is a policy that declares some positions in government employment and education institutions ‘reserved’ for people and communities who have been discriminated against, are disadvantaged and backward.

 Very Short Answer Type Questions. [1 Mark]

2. What happens if there is a difference of opinion between Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha over an ordinary bill?

Ans. There is a joint sitting of the two houses.

3. Define the term ‘Legislature’.

Ans. It is an assembly of people’s representatives with the power to enact laws for a country.

4. Write functions of Parliament in very brief.

Ans. It can make new laws, or abolish existing laws and to make new ones in their place.

5. How can public money be spent in most countries?

Ans. In most countries, and public money can be spent only when the Parliament sanctions it.

6. Explain the significance of ‘no-confidence motion’.

Ans. If the majority of the Lok Sabha members say they have ‘no confidence’ in the Council of Ministers, all ministers including the Prime Minister have to quit.

7. Who is the most important political institution in the country?

Ans. The Prime Minister.

 8. Define the term ‘Executive’.

Ans. A body of persons having authority to initiate major policies, make decisions and implement them on the basis of the Constitution and laws of the country.

9. Who participates in the election for the post of President?

Ans. The elected members of Parliament and the elected members of the legislative assemblies participate in the election for the post of President.

10. Who appoints ambassadors to other countries?

Ans. President appoints ambassadors to other countries.

11. What is the Coalition government?

Ans. A government formed by an alliance of two or more political parties, usually when no single party enjoys majority support of the members in a legislature is termed as a coalition government.

12. Who gives advice to the President while taking major appointments?

Ans. The Council of Ministers.

13. What is meant by ‘Office Memorandum’?

Ans. An order issued by the Government of India.

14. What do the civil servants do?

Ans. They implement the minister’s decisions.

15. Define the term Political Institution.

Ans. It is a set of procedures for regulating the conduct of government and political life in the country.

 16. Who appoints the judges of the Supreme Court and High Courts?

Ans. President on the advice of the Prime Minister in consultation with the Chief Justice of India.

17. What is the power of the Supreme Court to judge the constitutional validity of a law passed by the parliament called?

Ans. Judicial Review.

18. What does the Supreme Court say over the parliament’s power of amendment of the constitution?

Ans. Parliament cannot amend the basic structure of the constitution.

19. Which body acts as the guardian of Fundamental Rights?

Ans. Supreme Court of India.

20. What do you understand by the term ‘Judiciary’?

Ans. It is an institution empowered to administer justice and provide a mechanism for the resolution of legal disputes. All the courts in the country are collectively referred to as judiciary.