Class 9 India Size and Location NCERT

Topic– 1: India Size and Location

Very Short Answer Type Questions. [1 Mark]In which hemisphere is India situated?
Ans. India lies in the Northern Hemisphere.

What is the location of India vis-a-vis the Prime Meridian?
Ans. India lies to the East of the Prime Meridian.

What is the location of India in Asia?
Ans. India lies in South Asia.

What is the extent of India’s mainland?
Ans. India’s mainland extends between 8°4´N and 37°6´N latitudes, and between 68°7´E and 97°25´E longitudes.

Define the term ‘peninsula.’
Ans. A peninsula is a land surrounded by water on three sides, for example, India.

What is the southernmost point of India called?
Ans. It is known as Cape Comorin. The place is also called Kanniyakumari.

Where do the three water bodies of India meet?
Ans. They meet at Kanniyakumari.

What is the northernmost point of India called?
Ans. It is called ‘Indira Col.’ It is in Siachen Glacier.

In which sea would you find the Andaman and Nicobar Islands?
Ans. In the Bay of Bengal Sea in the east.

Where is the Lakshadweep group of islands situated?
Ans. It is situated in the Arabian Sea to the west of India.

What do you understand by archipelago?
Ans. A group of islands is known as archipelago.

What is the total land boundary and coastline of India?
Ans. India has a land boundary of about 15,200 km and coastline of around 7,516.6 km.

How many states and union territories are there in India?
Ans. India has 29 states and 7 union territories.

Name the coastal states of India on the eastern coast.
Ans. West Bengal, Odisha, Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu lie in the eastern coast.

List the coastal states of India on the western coast.
Ans. Gujarat, Maharashtra, Goa, Karnataka and Kerala lie on the western coast.

Write the names of some landlocked states of India.
Ans. Some landlocked states are Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Haryana and Telangana.

How much area does India cover?
Ans. Nearly 3.28 million sq. km.

What is India’s size with respect to other countries?
Ans. It is a seventh-largest country in the world.

What percentage of the world’s land area is covered by India?

Ans. India accounts for 2.4 per cent of the world’s land area.

20. List the six countries larger than India.

Ans. Russia, Canada, USA, China, Brazil and Australia.

21. Name the largest and the smallest states of India.

Ans. Rajasthan is the largest state and Goa is the smallest state in India.

22. Which of the tropics passes through India?

Ans. Tropic of Cancer

23. Through how many states does the Tropic of Cancer pass?

Ans. It passes through eight states in India.

24. What is the latitudinal and longitudinal extent of the mainland of India?

Ans. It is 30 degrees.

25. What is the time difference between Arunachal Pradesh and Gujarat?

Ans. The sun rises in Arunachal Pradesh 2 hours before Gujarat.

26. Which meridian is selected as the Standard Meridian for India?

Ans. 82°30´E

27. Through which place/state does the Standard Meridian of India pass.

Ans. It passes through Mirzapur in Uttar Pradesh.

28. How much ahead is the Indian Standard Time (IST), from Greenwich Mean Time (GMT)?

Ans. It is 5 hours 30 minutes ahead of the GMT.

29. Why is IST ahead of GMT?

Ans. IST is ahead of GMT because it lies towards the east of the Prime Meridian.

30. How has India’s landmass helped it?

Ans. India’s protruding Deccan Peninsula has helped it to establish close contacts with West Asia, Africa and Europe, Southeast and East Asia.

31. How has India contributed to the world?

Ans. It has contributed in the form of ideas, philosophies and mathematics.

32. How has West Asia and Greece influenced India?

Ans. India’s architectural brilliance was influenced by West Asia and its sculpture was influenced by Greece.

33. Name two neighbouring countries in the north-west part of India.

Ans. Afghanistan and Pakistan

34. Which strait separates Sri Lanka from India?

Ans. The Palk Strait separates Sri Lanka from India.

35. Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh share international boundaries with which country?

Ans. China.

36. Which neighbouring country is located in the west of India?

Ans. Pakistan.

37. List the states that have boundaries with Bangladesh.

Ans. West Bengal, Meghalaya, Assam and Tripura have boundaries with Bangladesh.

38. Name one union territory in north India.

Ans. Chandigarh.

Ports of which part of India is nearest to the Suez Canal?
Ans. Ports situated in the western parts like Mumbai, Kandla, etc., are nearest to the Suez Canal.

If you sail across the Palk Strait, which country would you reach?
Ans. Sri Lanka.

What is the length of the Indian coastline?
Ans. Nearly 7516.6 km.

What is common between Himachal Pradesh and Arunachal Pradesh?
Ans. Both these states have borders with China.

List the three water bodies surrounding India peninsula.
Ans. The Bay of Bengal in the east, the Arabian Sea in the west and the Indian Ocean in the south are the three water bodies surrounding the Indian Peninsula.

What is the implication of the Tropic of Cancer passing through the middle of India?
Ans. It divides India into two climatic zones, that is, the northern part as temperate or subtropical zone and the southern part as a tropical zone.

Short Answer Type Questions. [3 Marks]

Why is India called a subcontinent?
Ans. India is called a subcontinent because of the following reasons:
(i) It is a distinct geographic unit separated from the Asian continent by the majestic Himalaya and its extensions.
(ii) It has its own culture as distinct from the rest of Asia.
(iii) The climate of Indian subcontinent is characterised by a monsoon type of climate.

Briefly discuss the location of India.
Ans. India is a large country. It lies in the Northern Hemisphere and extends from 8°4´N to 37°6´N latitudes and from 68°7´E to 97°25´E longitudes. The Tropic of Cancer divides it into two equal parts. In the Bay of Bengal Sea, in the east, lies the island group – Andaman and Nicobar, and in the west, in the Arabian Sea, lies the Lakshadweep group of islands.

What is the size of India?
Ans. India is the seventh-largest country in the world. It has a landmass of 3.28 million sq. km., which is nearly 2.4 per cent of the total world area. It has the land boundary of about 15,200 km and the total length of the coastline including the two island groups is 7516.6 km.

Name the states through with the Tropic of Cancer passes.
Ans. The states through which the Tropic of Cancer passes are Gujarat, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, West Bengal, Tripura and Mizoram.

Mention the latitudinal extent of India. How does it influence the duration of the day and night at different places?
Ans. The latitudinal extension of the mainland of India is between 8°4´N and 37°6´N. The north-south extension is 3214 km in length. The wide latitudinal extent of nearly 30 degrees results in great variation in climate. As the equator is near the south, the southern parts get more heat from the sun than the northern parts of the country.

Why is the difference in the duration of day and night very little in Kanniyakumari while it is not so in the northern part of the country? Give specific reasons for your answer.
Ans. Kanniyakumari in Tamil Nadu is located at the southernmost tip of India’s mainland. The latitude 8°4´N passes close to it. The place lies close to the equatorial region. As the sun shines directly over the equator throughout the year, the duration of day and night is almost equal here. Hence, in Kanniyakumari the difference in the duration of day and night is very little, maximum around 45 minutes only. However, in the northern part of the country located to the north of the Tropic of Cancer the difference between the lengths of day and night become increasingly greater.