Class Ten Geography Additional Q-Answers

Chapter 1: Resources and Development (Additional Questions-answers)

Very Short Answer Type Questions. [1 Mark]

1. On the basis of exhaustibility, which type of resource is iron ore?

Ans. Non- Renewable (exhaustible). Iron ore is a natural resource which is found in limited quantities on our planet. It’s used up faster than it can be formed by the natural process. Hence, it is a non-renewable resource.

2. In which category would you put solar energy?

Ans. Renewable

3. What is a resource?

Ans. Any natural or man-made thing that can satisfy the human need is called as a resource.

4. What is a human-made resource?

Ans. When humans use natural things to make something new that provides utility and value to our lives, it is called human-made resources, for example, machines.

5. Give an example of a non-renewable resource.

Ans. Coal.

6. List three things that determine the creation of a resource.

Ans. The three things that can determine the creation of a resource are:

(i) nature,

(ii) human and

(iii) technology.

7. Give one consequence of overuse of resources.

Ans. One of the consequences of overuse of resources is environmental pollution.

8. What is a biotic resource?

Ans. A resource Resources and Development ​that has been obtained from the biosphere such as plants, animals, etc., are called biotic resource.

9. Where and when was the first International Earth Summit held?

Ans. The first international earth summit was held at Rio de Janeiro in Brazil in 1992.

10. Rajesh owns a tea garden. Based on ownership, in which category would you put his resource?

Ans. Individual resource.

11. What is resource planning?

Ans. Resource planning is the judicious use of resources. Resource planning becomes more important in a country like India, where resources are not distributed properly.

12. Why is land a very important resource?

Ans. The land is considered an important resource because it is being used by human beings for several purposes such as agriculture, forestry, mining, building houses and roads, and setting up industries. Also, it provides habitation to a variety of flora and fauna. Hence, it is among the most important natural resources.

13. Why is resource planning important for a country like India?

Ans. It is essential to have resource planning because of the following reasons: It helps to identify the various resources present in different regions of the country. It helps in the conservation of various non-renewable/extinguishable resources. It helps in reducing the wastage of resources.

14. Why are there large areas under Net Sown Area in Punjab and Haryana?

Ans. Large areas under Net Sown Area in Punjab and Haryana are due to the Green Revolution, which aimed at bringing agricultural development.

15. Give one example of how India made efforts for achieving the goals of resource planning.

Ans. India started to make and implement Five-Year Plans just after independence to achieve the objectives of resource planning.

16. How many stages of resource planning are there?

Ans. Resource planning has three stages.

17. How much land comes under Net Sown Area?

Ans. Around 54 per cent of the total surveyed area is under Net Sown Area.

18. What should be the ideal forest cover in a country?

Ans. The desired forest of a country must be 33 per cent of its geographical area.

19. Which factors determine land use pattern in India?

Ans. The land use pattern in India is determined by many factors such as topography, climate, soil types as well as human factors like population density, technological capability, etc.

20. The decrease in land under permanent pastures is not considered good. Why?

Ans. The decrease in land under permanent pastures is not considered good because it has serious consequences. It becomes difficult to feed the huge cattle population if grazing lands are less.