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# Chapter 14: Electric current and its Effects

## N C E R T Questions

1. Draw in your notebook the symbols to represent the following components of electrical circuits: connecting wires, switch in the ‘OFF’ position, bulb, cell, switch in the ‘ON’ position, and battery.

2. Draw the circuit diagram to represent the circuit shown in Fig.14.21.

3. Fig.14.22 shows four cells fixed on board. Draw lines to indicate how you will connect their terminals with wires to make a battery of four cells.

4. The bulb in the circuit shown in Fig.14.23 does not glow. Can you identify the problem? Make necessary changes in the circuit to make the bulb glow.

In the circuit above bulb is connected on either side.

5. Name any two effects of electric current.

i. Heating effect of electric current ii. Magnetic effect of electric current

6. When the current is switched on through a wire, a compass needle kept nearby gets deflected from its north-south position. Explain.

When the current is switched on through a wire, the magnetic field is created around it hence we see deflection in the compass needle kept nearby.

7. Will the compass needle show deflection when the switch in the circuit shown by Fig.14.24 is closed?

No, compass needle does not show deflection when the circuit is a closed, magnetic field is not created until the current is flowing through the circuit.

8. Fill in the blanks:

(a) Longer line in the symbol for a cell represents its_______ terminal.

(b) The combination of two or more cells is called a__________ .

(c) When current is switched ‘on’ in a room heater, it __________.

(d) The safety device based on the heating effect of electric current is called a___________ .

(a) Longer line in the symbol for a cell represents its positive terminal.

(b) The combination of two or more cells is called a battery.

(c) When current is switched ‘on’ in a room heater, it produces heat.

(d) The safety device based on the heating effect of electric current is called a fuse.

9. Mark ‘T’ if the statement is true and ‘F’ if it is false:

(a) To make a battery of two cells, the negative terminal of one cell is connected to the negative terminal of the other cell. (T/F)

(b) W hen the electric current through the fuse exceeds a certain limit, the fuse

wire melts and breaks. (T/F)

(c) An electromagnet does not attract a piece of iron. (T/F)

(d) An electric bell has an electromagnet. (T/F)

Answers a False b True c False d True

10. Do you think an electromagnet can be used for separating plastic bags from a garbage heap? Explain.

No, because plastic does not have a magnetic property to get attracted to a magnet hence magnet cannot be used to separate plastic bags.

11. An electrician is carrying out some repairs in your house. He wants to replace a fuse by a piece of wire. Would you agree? Give reasons for your response.

It is not a wise idea to replace the fuse by a piece of wire, as it has a very low melting point. In the case of the metal piece, the melting point will be high and the circuit will be intact in case there is overload or overheat.

12. Zubeda made an electric circuit using a cell holder shown in Fig. 14.4, a switch and a bulb. When she put the switch in the ‘ON’ position, the bulb did not glow. Help Zubeda in identifying the possible defects in the circuit.

Reasons may be:

i. The connecting wire may be loose

ii. The electric cell may be used up

iii. the switch may not be functioning well

iv. cell power has been exhausted

13. In the circuit shown in Fig. 14.25

(i) Would any of the bulbs glow when the switch is in the ‘OFF’ position?

(ii) What will be the order in which the bulbs A, B and C will glow when the switch is moved to the ‘ON’ position?