Class 6 Living organisms-their surrounding Long Answer
Long Answer Questions
1. Write the adaptations in animals which help them to survive in an aquatic habitat like an ocean (or sea).
2. How is a lion adapted to live in a forest habitat?
3. Differentiate between herbivores, carnivores and omnivores.
1. Most of the sea animals have gills which enable them to use oxygen dissolved in water for breathing. Most of the sea animals have streamlined bodies to help them move in seawater easily.
2. The following adaptations of a lion help it to live in a forest:
(a) They have an eye in front that helps them to see their prey (like deer) from a great distance.
(b) They have sharp teeth and long claws on their front legs to catch and tear the flesh of their prey.
(c) Their light-brown colour helps them to hide in dry grasslands when they hunt for their prey.
(d) They are able to run very fast that allows them to catch their prey.
3. Herbivores are animals that eat only plants for food. For example, cow Carnivores are animals that eat only animals for food. For example, Lion Omnivores are animals that eat both animals and plants for food. For
1. How would you classify things like leather, rubber, milk, fossil and paper? Are they living or non-living? Why?
2. An animal having a round body and small ears has thick fur on its body. Fur is also present on its feet and toes. The animal has also a thick layer of fat beneath its skin for “insulation”. The feet of this animal is quite big in size.
(a) What do you think this animal could be? (b) Name the habitat of this animal.
(c) How does having a rounded body and small ears help this animal?
3. During respiration, the exchange of gases A and B in a plant takes place through the tiny pores C through its leaves whereas that in a cow takes place through the organs.
(a) Name the organs. (b) What are the tiny pores called?
(c) Name the gases A and B.
4. Date palms are seen only in deserts. Why?
1. They are non-living because of the following reasons:
(i) The non-living thing does not need air, food or water.
(ii) Non-living things do not grow.
(iii) Non-living things do not respond to stimuli.
(iv) They do not respire.
(v) They do not reproduce.
(vi) Non-living things do not excrete.
(a) Polar bear
(c) The round body and small ears help the animal in insulation and saving from predators.
3. (a) Nose, nostrils, lungs
(c) Oxygen and carbon dioxide
4. Date palms are seen only in deserts because they require very less water, their roots grow deep into the soil and they have narrow leaves.