A SURVEY-MAJOR POWER PROJECTS IN INDIA
A SURVEY OF MAJOR POWER PROJECTS IN INDIA
Nuclear power and Hydel power: Narora in Uttar Pradesh; Rawatbhatta in Rajasthan; Tarapur in Maharashtra; Kalpakkam in Tamil Nadu, Kakrapara in Gujarat. Lower Jhelum in Jammu and Kashmir; Pong and Bhakra in Uttaranchal; Rana Pratap Sagar and Gandhi Sagar in Rajasthan; Koyna in Maharashtra; Kalinadi, Jog and Sharavathi in Karnataka; Hirakud in Orissa; Nagarjunasagar, Sileru and Srisailam in Andhra Pradesh; Idukki and Sabarigiri in Kerala; Mettur, Periyar and Koyar in Tamil Nadu.
Thermal Power: Panipat and Faridabad in Haryana; Delhi; Harduaganj, Parichha, Rihand, Panki and Obra in Uttar Pradesh; Kota in Rajasthan; Gandhinagar, Sabarmathi, Dhuvaram, Ahmedabad and Vanakhari in Gujarat; Singrauli and Satpura in Madhya Pradesh; Barauni in Bihar; Bokaro, Chandrapura and Subarnarekha in Jhar- khand; Korba and Amarkantak in Chhattisgarh; Durgapur, Santaldih and Kolkata in West Bengal; Bongaigaon and Namrup in Assam; Loktak in Manipur; Talcher in Orissa; Bhusawal, K- oradi, Chandrapur, Nasik, Trombay, Uran Tata and Purli in Ma- harashtra; Ramagundam, Kotlagudem and Vijayawada in Andhra Pradesh; Ennur, Neyveli and Tuticorin in Tamil Nadu.
DEVELOPMENT OF NUCLEAR ENERGY IN INDIA
August 1956: India’s first nuclear reactor A.P.S.A.R.A
January 1957: Atomic Energy Establishment, Trombay (A.E.E.T) inaugurated; named as Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (B.A.R.C) 1967, after its founder Dr.’Homi Jahangir Bhabha.
January 1965: Plutonium Plant inaugurated at Trombay.
April 1967: Electronics Corporation of India Limited (E.C.I.L) set up at Hyderabad.
October 1967: Uranium Corporation of India Limited (U.C.I.L) is established with headquarters at Jaduguda, Jharkhand.
December 1968: Nuclear Fuel Complex (NFC) set up at Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh.
March 1969: Reactor Research Centre starts functioning at Kalpakkam (Tamil Nadu); named as Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research (I.G.C.A.R) in December 1985.
October 1969 : Tarapur Atomic Power Station (TAPS), Maharashtra, commences commercial operation.
February 1971: Plutonium fuel for Research Reactor P.U.R.N.I.M.A-1 is fabricated at Trombay.
November 1972: Unit-1 of Rajasthan Atomic Power Station (RAPS) at Rawatbhatta, Rajasthan, begins commercial operation.
May 1974: the Peaceful underground nuclear experiment is conducted at Pokhran, Rajasthan.
January 1984: Madras Atomic Power Station-Unit 1 (MAPS-1) at Kalpakkam starts commercial operation.
August 1985: Research reactor DHRUVA attains criticality, attains full power 1988.
March 1989: Narora Atomic Power Station Unit-1 (NAPS-1). Ut- tar Pradesh, attains criticality.
March 1996: Kalpakkam Reprocessing Plant (K.A.R.P) is commissioned.
May 1998: Five underground nuclear tests are conducted at Pokhran Range, Rajasthan.
September 1999: Unit-2 of Kaiga Generating Station, Karnataka, attains criticality and dedicated to the nation in 2000.
January 2000: Radiation Processing Plant at BRIT, Vashi, Navi Mumbai, is commissioned.
October 2002: Krishi Utpadan Sanrakshan Kendra (Krushak) at Lasalgaon, Nasik, Maharashtra, is dedicated to the nation.
October 2003: Bharatiya Nabhikiya VidyutNigam Limited (B.H.A.V.I.N.I) is incorporated for setting up P.F.B.R at Kalpakkam, Tamil Nadu.
March 6, 2005: India’s first 540 MWe Nuclear Power Reactor Tarapur Unit 4. Attains Criticality.
June 4, 2005: TAPS 4 synchronised to the grid
June 4, 2005: Setting up of Homi Bhabha National Institute (HBNI) at Mumbai is announced. The institute a deemed university under the aegis of D.A.E is formed with the objective of accelerating the pace of basic research and translation of basic research into technology development.
June 2005: The first computerised indigenous telecobalt unit Bhabhatron – 1 is installed at the Advanced Centre for Treatment, Research & Education in Cancer (ACTREC).
August 27, 2005: The 450 MeV electron beam injected in the Storage Ring of Indus – 2 (2.5 GeV Synchrotron Radiation Source) completes full four rounds. Later on December 2, 2005, first synchrotron light from Indus – 2 is recorded. On December 17, 2005, this 2.5 GeV S.R.S is dedicated to the nation.
December 5, 2005: India is admitted to the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (I.T.E.R) venture. Other parties in this venture are China, European Union, Japan, South Korea and the United States.
Dec. 17, 2005: Centre for Advanced Technology (CAT) Indore, dedicated in the memory of Dr Raja Ramanna. The centre renamed as Raja Ramanna Centre for Advanced Technology (R.R.C.A.T).
May 21, 2006: The 540 M.We, Unit – 3 of Tarapur Atomic power Project (T.A.P.P – 3) attains criticality.
June 15, 2006: T.A.P.P – 3 synchronised with the grid.
August 4, 2006: A.P.S.A.R.A the first nuclear research reactor in the whole of Asia completes 50 years.
August 18, 2006 : T.A.P.P – 3 goes commercial.
Nov. 21, 2006: India signs agreement to join International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (I.T.E.R) project.
Feb. 26, 2007: Unit – 3 of the 220 MWe Kaiga Atomic Power Project in North Karnataka attains criticality. The criticality is achieved in less than 5 years, the first pour of concrete having been done in March 2002.
April 14, 2007: Unit – 3 of Kaiga Atomic Power Project is synchronised with the southern grid.
April 26, 2007: India exports the first consignment of 720 kg Alfonso and Kesar mangoes to the US after being irradiated at BARC’s KRUSHAK plant at Lasalgaon, Nashik.
May 6, 2007: Unit – 3 of Kaiga Atomic Power Project declared commercial.
June 25, 2007: The first Opencast Uranium Mine of Uranium Corporation of India Limited (U.C.I.L), inaugurated at Banduhurang. A Uranium Ore Processing Plant, also of U.C.I.L inaugurated at Turamdih in Singhbum (East) district of Jharkhand.
August 2007: The B.A.R.C Training School completes 50 years. The setting up of the Training School in 1957 has provided almost the entire human resource for the nuclear programme in India.
August 31, 2007: Units 3 & 4 of the Tarapur Atomic Power Station dedicated to the Nation.
September 2007: Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (B.A.R.C) and Electronics Corporation of India Limited (E.C.I.L) develop a 32-metre diameter Indian Deep Space Antenna System -I.D.S.N 32 for providing steering, tracking and science data reception support for I.S.R.O’s Moon Mission Chandrayaan -1.
March 13, 2008: D.A.E and University Institute of Chemical Technology, (U.I.C.T) Mumbai sign M.O.U to establish a new DAEUICT Centre for Chemical Engineering Education and Research.
April 7, 2008: a Low power critical facility at Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (B.A.R.C) attains the first criticality.
A SURVEY OF MAJOR POWER PROJECTS IN INDIA